Human perception refers to the way one experiences space.

Perception is realized through the stimuli received from human senses

Vision out of the whole sensorium predominates in the western world (Pallasmaa, 2005).


Aristotelian senses: vision, hearing, touch, olfaction, taste

Somaesthesis ( skin pressure, muscle sense, temperature, pain )

Kinesthisis (the sensitivity of the joints)

Proprioception (the sense of the relative position of the  parts of our body)

Synesthesia (sensory information treansferred from one sense to the other)

*The link between the body and the surrounding space/envnironment is strong.

An embodied experience of space

Embodiment from the phenomenological point of view of philosopher Maurice Merleau Ponty is the feeling of the possession of all the parts of one’s body and their location in space (Ponty, 2002, p.113).

Ponty also emphasizes the importance of the “body in movement” as part of the embodied experience (Ponty, 2002).

Biologist Francisco Varela, Professor of Philosophy Evan Thompson and Professor of Psychology Eleanor Rosch (1993) incorporating the ideas of Merleau Ponty define embodiment by defining the body via the integration of both the phenomenological and the biological structures. Thus embodiment encloses the body as an experiential structure and as a structure for cognitive mechanisms (Varela et al, 1993, p.154).


In the 1940s cybernetics began as a formal approach to the description of any physical system in a framework comprising boundaries, information flows, and goals. Around 1960 an explicit transition occurred as the discipline shifted from examining systems that are physical and objective to those that are psychological and linguistic, while still applying the same framework. As a result, cybernetics has developed the means to model, and to apply metrics to, the otherwise subjective human activities of conversation and collaboration.

Psychotherapy and the dérive

“…The situationists’ desire to become psychogeographers, with an understanding of the ‘precise laws and specific effects of the geographical environment, consciously organized or not, on the emotions and behaviour of individuals’, was intended to cultivate an awareness of the ways in which everyday life is presently conditioned and controlled, the ways in which this manipulation can be exposed and subverted, and the possibilities for chosen forms of constructed situations in the post-spectacular world. Only an awareness of the influences of the existing environment can encourage the critique of the present conditions of daily life, and yet it is precisely this concern with the environment which we live which is ignored.”



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